Persistent History

 

Womrath Park, Frankford | Photo: Jack McCarthy

Ride the Frankford El to the end of the line at Frankford, and between the Church and Margaret-Orthodox stops you will pass over Womrath Park, a triangular parcel of green space at the intersection of Frankford and Kensington Avenues. According to local lore, Thomas Jefferson read the Declaration of Independence on this site before it was read to the public at large. The Founding Fathers also allegedly dined at the park site on July 4th, 1776. These stories were passed down for generations before appearing in print in the late nineteenth century and have been written about many times since. Could they be true? Maybe, maybe not.

What is now Womrath Park was in the 1770s part of a handsome Frankford estate that was the summer home of Henry Drinker, a prominent Philadelphia Quaker businessman. In addition to the mansion house, the property included a summer house, and it was in this summer house that the events of July 1776 purportedly occurred. Henry Drinker’s wife Elizabeth is notable for having kept a diary from 1758 to 1807 that is considered one of the great diaries of eighteenth-century America. In it she records everything from mundane family matters to momentous events surrounding the American Revolution. Unfortunately, there is nothing in her diary about any of the Founding Fathers being at her Frankford estate in July 1776, nor is there anything in the writings of the Founding Fathers themselves to indicate that they were in Frankford in this period.

And yet, there is some evidence to indicate the stories may be true. In 1792, Henry Drinker sold the property to Enoch Edwards, a leading patriot who was a close friend of Thomas Jefferson and who had served as attending physician to George Washington during the Revolutionary War. Edwards’s niece, Fanny Saltar, lived a few miles away at Magnolia, an estate along the Delaware River in what is now Tacony. She visited Edwards and his wife often in Frankford. In a letter in later years in which she reminisced about earlier days, she writes the following:

After my uncle’s return, he purchased a place in Frankford of Mr. Drinker … One day when Mr. Jefferson was on a visit to my uncle, they walked up to this summer-house. He looked round and said: This is the spot on which the signers of the Declaration of Independence dined the day they signed the Declaration.

Womrath Park, as shown in 1894 Bromley Atlas of Philadelphia

Historical researcher Joe Menkevich, who has studied Frankford history extensively, has determined that this reminiscence by Jefferson probably occurred in 1793. He also notes that the story of the Founding Fathers in Frankford had been part of the local lore for many years before Fanny Saltar’s account of it was published in 1916. Menkevich’s research also suggests that it is very likely that some of the Founding Fathers dined in Frankford on July 2nd or possibly the 4th and that they were in Frankford in this period arranging business deals on New Jersey pig iron and Frankford gun powder. Henry Drinker was part-owner of a New Jersey iron forge, and Frankford had the only gun powder mill in the colonies at that time.

So perhaps there is some truth to the stories after all.

About the author

Jack McCarthy is a certified archivist and longtime Philadelphia area archival/historical consultant. He is currently directing a project for the Historical Society of Pennsylvania focusing on the archival collections of the region’s many small historical institutions. He recently concluded work as consulting archivist and researcher for Going Black: The Legacy of Philly Soul Radio, an audio documentary on the history of Philadelphia Black radio, and served as consulting archivist for the Philadelphia Orchestra's 2012-2013 Leopold Stokowski centennial celebration. Jack has a master’s degree in music history from West Chester University and is particularly interested in the history of Philadelphia music. He is also involved in Northeast Philadelphia history. He is co-founder of the Northeast Philadelphia History Network, founding director of the Northeast Philadelphia Hall of Fame, and president of Friends of Northeast Philadelphia History.

Send a message!



Leave a Reply

Comment moderation is enabled, no need to resubmit any comments posted.

Recent Posts
L&I An Overlooked Asset To Historic Preservation Efforts

L&I An Overlooked Asset To Historic Preservation Efforts

November 16, 2018  |  Vantage

Dana Rice looks at "demolition by neglect" and the potential of the Department of Licenses and Inspections as an unlikely ally in the fight to solve Philly's preservation crisis > more

The Making & Breaking Of The Philadelphia Commercial Museum

The Making & Breaking Of The Philadelphia Commercial Museum

November 14, 2018  |  Vantage

Edward Duffy takes us back when industry, commerce, and foreign trade flooded the halls of the Philadelphia Commercial Museum, the first institution of its kind in the United States > more

Rare Books Department At FLP Examines A City In Transition

Rare Books Department At FLP Examines A City In Transition

November 9, 2018  |  News

Affordable housing, displacement and gentrification, demolition for redevelopment--sounds a lot like today's local headlines, but Philly has been dealing with these issues for decades. This and more is addressed in the new exhibition, "Philadelphia: The Changing City," now on view at the Free Library of Philadelphia. Ali Roseberry-Polier has the review. > more

Dispatch From the Dolomites: Lamenting the Loss of Northern Italy's Philly Twin

Dispatch From the Dolomites: Lamenting the Loss of Northern Italy’s Philly Twin

November 7, 2018  |  Vantage

Contributor Ann de Forest dials home from Italy where she visits a little chapel that, until recently, had a sibling on Christian Street > more

Secluded Stone Stairway On Lincoln Drive Revealed

Secluded Stone Stairway On Lincoln Drive Revealed

November 2, 2018  |  Vantage

A mysterious set of stairs next to Monoshone Creek leads Sharon Barr on a path to uncover its origins > more

The Ghastly Tale Of South Philly’s Cult Of The Holy Ghost

The Ghastly Tale Of South Philly’s Cult Of The Holy Ghost

October 30, 2018  |  Vantage

A secretive cult dedicated to the worship of a Swiss woman met a horrific end in 19th century South Philly. Ryan Briggs unearths the grim details > more