Five More Vulnerable Mills


Photo: Hidden City Daily

Editor’s Note: This follow-up to the Dougherty Distillery/L.H. Parke Coffee and Tea building fire at Front Street and Girard Avenue is the combined work of several Hidden City Daily writers and photographers, including Ryan Briggs, Ethan Wallace, Meredith Broussard, and Shadowbat.

What happened yet again early Tuesday morning–the loss of a well-built, handsome, and visually impressive mid-19th century industrial building to fire–has no easy solution. Products of personal unaccountability and a system that protects private interest over the public good, such fires are themselves urban disasters: they often shut down the city’s main elevated line, inconveniencing tens of thousands of people, and they fill our lungs with deadly toxins. Beyond that, they leave us bereft of our most sturdy urban fabric and the stories, material culture, and very soul of this city of work, craft, and trade (for more on the stories, material culture, and soul of the recently-burned site at Front and Girard, click HERE).

We know the factors that lead to the fires: wood construction coupled with open and regular access to the building’s interior.

Each time we say enough’s enough!

And yet we lack any strategy for preventing the next one. What might be done?

We might simply knock the remaining mills and factories down because they are hazardous. But that’s a foolish strategy when so many of these buildings have been successfully repurposed–and when our neighborhoods need exactly what they can deliver: character, scale, and density.

Work feverishly to preserve all of them? Well, the proposed National Register thematic historic district covering Kensington mills and textile-related buildings is a start, but only a passive solution. And anyway, in a time of shrunken public sector resources and vision, we rely entirely on private sector initiative to restore them–and the market won’t bear the steep cost of renovating old buildings in bad shape in tough neighborhoods.

Secure them carefully as the market catches up? This seems to us the most effective and realistic solution. But securing an empty mill complex is tricky business–it’s expensive (without obvious pay-off for a developer), hard to enforce, potentially destructive (note the compromises made in securing the Divine Lorraine), and requires consistent effort. Securing key vulnerable mills will require coordinated effort among owner/developers, neighbors, the city’s department of Licenses and Inspections; it will require a system of triage and judgment that promotes some sites over others in order to determine which buildings are most at risk and which have the best chance to ultimately be reused.

It’s important to note how many of these buildings around the city have indeed been carefully sealed and how many are in use in one way or another. Quite a bit more are built of concrete and therefore a bit more fire-proof than Buck or Dougherty-Park-Fruchter.

Moreover, coming up with a list of vulnerable buildings isn’t a simple or straightforward process: it isn’t always easy to see or predict the potential value of a building.

Nevertheless, we’ve selected five industrial buildings from the mid-19th century. Notably, they’re each at risk of fire because unlike so many other factories built of concrete, they’re structurally wood, and therefore tinderboxes. These are building that are generally not well-secured (efforts to secure them, their general condition, and likelihood of redevelopment also vary). There are signs and reports of illegal entrance, people sometimes squatting inside, and in some cases compromises to a building’s structural integrity. Of course there are others; we welcome your additions to the list and your input into how future fires might be prevented.

Our List Of Vulnerable Buildings

1. Van Stratten & Havey, and Arguto Oilless Bearing Co, Wayne Junction.

Photo: Hidden City Daily

Photo: Hidden City Daily














Located on Berkley Street near the Wayne Junction train station in Germantown, the buildings are two of the 15 industrial structures that contribute to the Wayne Junction Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places. The Van Stratten & Havey mill was built in 1919, and made silk yarn. Arguto dates from roughly the same period. Both buildings are not properly secured. Between the two buildings is the Blaisdell Paper Pencil building, another contributing structure to the historic district, which is also vacant but in better condition. Next door to Van Stratten & Havey is the Moore Pushpin building, now used as a drug rehab facility. A fire on that block would put almost half the historic district in jeopardy.

2. Steel Heddle, Towne Lock, and Freihoffer, West Allegheny, North Philadelphia

Wooden roof on the Freihofer bakery | Photo: Shadowbat

Towne Lock at left, Keller Mfg. Co. at right | Photo: Shadowbat








What the heck is a heddle? According to the dictionary, it’s “one of the sets of vertical cords or wires in a loom, forming the principal part of the harness that guides the warp threads.” The factory was built by Pabst & Co. in 1919. The Steel Heddle Co. bought the building in 1942 and closed shop in 1971. Unlike many of the factories in Allegheny West, the complex is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and is being actively marketed.  Together with the nearby Towne Lock Building and the former Freihoffer baking plant, this area of Allegheny West has perhaps the highest concentration of large industrial buildings in the city, nearly all of which are vacant and at the mercy of scrappers.

Steel Heddle building | Photo:: Ethan Wallace


3. Sykes & Geiger, Frankford

Photo: Hidden City Daily

A complex of mid-sized former textile mill buildings tucked away along the Frankford Creek.


4. Scholler Brothers, Port Richmond

Photo: Hidden City Daily

Once a maker of soaps, softeners and finishers for the textile industry, the small complex is located on Amber and Westmoreland Streets.


5. Edwin J. Schoettle/Independence Press, Spring Garden Street

Photo: Hidden City Daily

This building on 11th Street between Brandywine and Green looks like a good candidate to be converted into lofts, but it has not been secured well over the past year and has wood floors over concrete.


Honorable Mention: The original Bromley Carpet Mill at Front and York.

Bromley Mill building is at left; Buck Hosiery at right | Photo: Hidden City Daily

Located across the street from the fire-destroyed Buck Hosiery, this historic industrial building–though not listed on federal, state, or Philadelphia historic registers–is in a rapidly changing neighborhood and is still partially used for retail. A fire here would leave this neighborhood almost completely without the skyline of mills that stood here only five years ago–and of course it would close the El again.


  1. Outstanding real estate tax balance for Scholler Brothers complex (2101 E. Westmoreland) = $114,148.83

  2. Harmon Zuckerman

    It takes a true urbanist (or in this case, a few of them) to distill the problems discussed above so succinctly as did the Hidden City staff (e.g., “the market won’t bear the steep cost of renovating old buildings in bad shape in tough neighborhoods.”). Bravo on great commentary that keeps getting better. But double bravo for identifying priorities and solutions. Need more stuff like this…

  3. These so called Developers and our city officials who try to reach out to folks willing to develop these are totally missing the fact that a good option in holding these assets is to occupy them. Philly has a huge population of artists and musicians who need affordable work and rehearsal space. Why not make studios in a cooperative type style and secure these buildings that way? The developer is investing partially in both securing and repairing some of the elements. They can go back later and “finish” them IF they want to convert them to residential or other uses.

  4. Chester County has long had a “save the open spaces” program in which farmers faced with similar pressure to develop their land into housing can sell their development rights to the county. this sale of development rights results in the property being deeded so that it must always be used as farmland/open space (woodland). this results in much lower taxes on the property but much higher value in surrounding properties making up the difference.

    I think something like save the warehouses could work here.

  5. I noticed recently that the Van Straaten and Havey building has been condemned by the city. It is so sad to see such grand buildings deteriorate into disrepair.

  6. RIP Steel Heddle. What a spectacular disaster and a waste.


  1. Following lobbyist money online | Five vulnerable industrial buildings | Who will build Casino #2? | Council’s softball challenge | ZBA’s new rules
  2. "Pantyhose Factory" School In Danger And On The Block | Hidden City Philadelphia

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