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PART ONE OF A BROKEN SYSTEM: UNDERFUNDED AND INCAPACITATED, BY RYAN BRIGGS
The name “Historical Commission” specifically refers to a board comprised of 14 members, eight nominated by the mayor and six by various municipal department heads created in 1955 by city ordinance with the power to designate individual properties and later entire districts of the city as historic. Board members are paid $40 per meeting and generally convene once per month. The Commission’s work is supported by a small staff of professional preservation planners.
Historic preservation laws in Philadelphia are actually quite strong, nominally preventing demolition or even noticeable alteration of designated structures. This is much more protection than offered by federal or state historic registers, which merely prevent government money from assisting in demolition.
To view the city’s historic register, click HERE.
The problem is that the Commission’s board exists mainly to approve historic designations and mull alterations or demolition permitting, but not to actually nominate additional buildings for historic status. In theory, seeking out historically significant structures and nominating them for protection would fall to the trained historical preservationists in the employ of the Commission. However, like most ordinances, there were no requirements for funding or staffing, and as a city function it’s been given short shrift by City Council and the Mayor for decades, rarely exceeding its present budget.
And indeed there have been a number of eyebrow-raising demolitions in recent years, most of which were perfectly legal because buildings had simply not been added to the city’s list of protected properties, its historic register, which nominally protects buildings from being torn down. But, given an annual budget of just $385,995, if anything it is surprising there have not been more losses. (As a comparison, the city’s allocation to the Mural Arts Program, underfunded itself, is $1,000,000.)
While a handful of City Council members–most notably Bill Green–have raised historic preservation considerations in council, most are at best ambivalent and at worst, openly hostile to the agency. Councilwoman Jannie Blackwell even attempted to totally strip the Historical Commission of its designation powers in 2002.
One need only pay the Commission’s offices a visit to understand how little priority is given to preservation in Philadelphia. Perched in a tiny space on the fourth floor of City Hall, visitors are greeted by a small bell and sign with instructions to ring for assistance. Ringing the bell summons one of only six full-time staff members who support the Commission itself–there is no receptionist here.
Cubicles and closet-sized offices are punctuated with broken chunks of cornices and other building-sized adornments snatched from the rubble of destroyed buildings. The outwardly playful decorations seem a macabre and certainly melancholic reminder of what is at stake–or a memorial of the agency’s past failings.
With a staff limited in size by the small budget, workloads have to be prioritized. Research and fieldwork toward the nomination of new buildings or historic districts for inclusion on the registry, raising awareness about the nomination process, lobbying and other political advocacy, developing proactive and creative policy, technological solutions, interactivity (the Commission’s website is woefully old school and out of date and the Philadelphia register is a static, unsearchable list), and reassessing preservation priority-making is all forced to take a permanent backseat to the Historical Commission’s legally mandated obligation to respond to the requests for alterations to buildings already on the register within 60 days of submission.
With some 12,000 of the city’s 600,000 properties on the historic register already and “alteration” meaning anything from changing out a door or window up to demolishing a building, some years see thousands of minor requests submitted to the Commission. The board’s monthly meetings are insufficient to respond to so many applications within the 60 day limit, and some 90 percent of these smaller items are handed to staff members, according to a Commission staff member we spoke with. The same source said the majority of the office’s five preservation planner’s time was consumed with responding to minor permitting requests and monitoring violations of historic preservation codes, not nominating new buildings or districts for inclusion on the historic register.
This and part 2 are fine articles, packed with well researched, supported, and thought-out information.
I’d like to comment, however, on something more trivial, even ridiculously so: your use of the couplet “an heroic.” Bravo! I guess I’m not the only holdout to use “an” before words beginning with the letter h after all. I just can’t write or speak “a” in such instances. I feel as though I’m hiccupping. Rather like the feeling one has when tripping on a cracked sidewalk.
My wife thinks I’m crazy. (I very well may be, but for wholly other and additional reasons!) If so, at least I’m not the last lunatic.
You may be crazy, but you are not alone – this makes an historic connection…
Yes, and thanks to Mr Briggs for excellent articles.
You gentlemen are providing long needed look at how the City of Philadelphia treats its historic landscape.
Ms. Blackwell’s hostility in 2002 can be traced to the Spruce Hill. The Community Association’s nomination to create a local historic district was perceived as a way to give themselves unwarrented power over the residents. People feared this was an attempt to drive out low income and a means to tell owners what colors to paint their houses.
These fears were not based on facts of law or how the Historical Commission works, but they were real fears. Most Citizens do not know the difference in powers between a local historical Society and the Historical Commission. With the local historical Society and Spruce Hill organizations doing the nominating the local Citizenry saw them as one and the same. Confrontation only fanned the flames and in doing so caused a Citywide halt in district nominations.
I can’t help but think that we’ve driven industry out of the city with burdensome regulations, now we wonder why there are no funds to preserve the past. Surely a factor is moving from the industrial age, but I know it is both difficult and expensive to operate in the city…thus my husband’s employer moved the company outside of the city. You need a tax base to tax, if the businesses leave there isn’t much of a tax base left.