Scots Cozy Up To Irish

Partially excerpted from Philadelphia’s Lost Waterfront (History Press, 2011)

Scottish Memorial photo: Nathaniel Popkin

Without much fanfare, the Monument to Scottish Immigrants has joined the Irish Memorial at the southeast corner of Front and Chestnut. The bronze monument (on a granite base) depicts a Scottish family led by its patriarch and the faithful Scottish deerhound. His son, who arrived in advance of the rest of the family, is already dressed as a frontiersman, ready for his new life in America.

Created using the ancient “lost wax” method, the monument was sculpted by Terry Jones, who is known for his works in museums and battlefield–from Great Britain to Gettysburg. Laurie Olin, who is of Scottish descent, carried out the landscape design. Along with three “standing stones” adorned with educational bronze bas relief plaques, the monument partially takes over a dog park at that location.

The Monument to Scottish Immigrants was spearheaded by the St. Andrew’s Society of Philadelphia, which was founded in 1747 by some 25 prominent Scots as a charitable association devoted to assisting Scottish immigrants arriving in Pennsylvania. It seeks to recognize the courage, skill and tenacity of the many thousands of Scottish immigrants who left their homes to cross the stormy Atlantic and who settled as farmers and frontiersmen, as well as architects, designers, bankers, soldiers, and statesmen.

Tun Tavern. Library Company of Philadelphia.

The monument’s location is very close to the original location of Tun Tavern, where the St. Andrew’s Society was established. Philadelphia merchant Samuel Carpenter and his brother Joshua opened the Tun Tavern brew house and inn at King (Water) Street and Tun Alley in 1685, during the city’s youngest days. (The old English word “tun” means a barrel or keg of beer.)

Fifteen years before the St. Andrew’s Society was founded, the first meetings of the St. John’s No. 1 Lodge of the Grand Lodge of the Masonic Temple were held at the tavern. Benjamin Franklin was St. John’s third grand master. The Masonic Temple of Philadelphia recognizes Tun Tavern as the birthplace of Masonic teachings in America.

According to tradition, the Tun Tavern is where the United States Marine Corps held its first recruitment drive. On November 10, 1775, the First Continental Congress commissioned Samuel Nicholas, a Quaker innkeeper, to raise two battalions of marines in Philadelphia. The tavern’s manager, Robert Mullan, was the head recruiter. Prospective volunteers flocked to the place, enticed by cold beer and the opportunity to join the new corps. The first Continental U.S. Marine unit was composed of one hundred Rhode Islanders commanded by Captain Nicholas. Each year, on November 10, U.S. Marines worldwide toast the place.

The southwest Corner of Front and Chestnut Streets in 1954.

Fire destroyed the revered colonial inn in 1781 and other commercial buildings took over the corner until I-95 obliterated this part of Philadelphia’s port. The original site of Tun Tavern is now under the highway, so you can visit it—but only briefly as you pass over it at 65 mph.

By the way, the striking bronze Irish Memorial is a sculpture-in-the round that brings to life the story of An Gorta Mór (the Great Hunger) and pays respect to the Irish men, women and children who perished during the famine between 1845 and 1850 caused by potato blight. It also celebrates the millions of Irish immigrants who came to the United States seeking a better life. Crafted by eminent sculptor Glenna Goodacre, the work was dedicated on October 25, 2003.

Irish Memorial photo: Nathaniel Popkin

The 1.75-acre memorial grounds are on top of the northern I-95 overpass. This high vantage point overlooks the Delaware River and is a fitting location for both the Irish Memorial and the Monument to Scottish Immigrants because countless Irish and Scottish disembarked ships and entered Philadelphia (and the nation) along the riverfront nearby.

About the author

Harry Kyriakodis, author of Philadelphia's Lost Waterfront (2011), Northern Liberties: The Story of a Philadelphia River Ward (2012), and The Benjamin Franklin Parkway (2014), regularly gives walking tours and presentations on unique yet unappreciated parts of the city. A founding/certified member of the Association of Philadelphia Tour Guides, he is a graduate of La Salle University and Temple University School of Law, and was once an officer in the U.S. Army Field Artillery. He has collected what is likely the largest private collection of books about the City of Brotherly Love: over 2700 titles new and old.

Send a message!



Leave a Reply

Comment moderation is enabled, no need to resubmit any comments posted.

Recent Posts
The Marvelous Multiple Occupations Of The Midtown II

The Marvelous Multiple Occupations Of The Midtown II

December 11, 2017  |  The Shadow Knows

Last June, one of Center City's last classic diners, Midtown II at 11th and Sansom, closed its lunch counter for good. The high-profile property is now under development, although plans for the space remain elusive. The Shadow takes us behind the façade to reveal a lively list of tenants and a colorful history of reuse > more

Secrets! Romance! Scandal! The Hush-Hush Love Of Philly's Paint King And His Irish Lass

Secrets! Romance! Scandal! The Hush-Hush Love Of Philly’s Paint King And His Irish Lass

December 8, 2017  |  Harry K's Encyclopedia

Harry K. takes us to Old City where the flames of a secret affair scorched newspaper headlines in the early 1900s > more

Marc Lamont Hill Energizes Germantown Ave With New Bookstore Cafe

Marc Lamont Hill Energizes Germantown Ave With New Bookstore Cafe

December 6, 2017  |  Vantage

Academic, activist, and political commentator Marc Lamont Hill carries the tradition of the Black-owned bookstore into the 21st century with Uncle Bobbie’s Coffee and Books. John Henry Scott has the details > more

Give $$$, Get a Cool Perk: 2017 Campaign

Give $$$, Get a Cool Perk: 2017 Campaign

December 4, 2017  |  Vantage

Hidden City's annual fund drive is in full swing on Generosity and we've got a brand new batch of perks celebrating Philadelphia available. Here's a look at this year's killer lineup > more

Three Historic Designation Removals Call Procedure Into Question

Three Historic Designation Removals Call Procedure Into Question

November 30, 2017  |  Vantage

Three historic properties on the Philadelphia Register of Historic Places were abruptly stripped of legal protection last week. Contributor Starr Herr-Cardillo unpacks the details of each situation > more

Before Digital Sign Domination, A Giant Coffee Pot Reigned Supreme

Before Digital Sign Domination, A Giant Coffee Pot Reigned Supreme

November 29, 2017  |  The Shadow Knows

The Shadow pours us a steamy cup of Center City history with the story behind Ellis Coffee Company's ginormous percolator that once lorded over South 16th Street > more