The Possible City, 1838

 

Destruction of Fire by Pennsylvania Hall, published by J.T. Bowen | Image courtesy of Library of Congress

Destruction of Fire by Pennsylvania Hall, published by J.T. Bowen | Image: Library of Congress

On May 14, 1838, civil rights pioneer Angelina Grimké was married to renowned abolitionist Theodore Weld in Germantown. That day, progressives of various sorts, including Weld and Grimké and Grimké’s older sister, the fierce and self-doubting Sarah Grimké, dedicated Pennsylvania Hall at Sixth and Arch Streets to be a “room wherein the principles of liberty: and equality of civil rights could be freely discussed, and the evils of slavery fearlessly portrayed.”

Daniel Neall, the president of the association of abolitionists of Philadelphia, went on in his dedication speech to point out, “a majority of the stockholders are mechanics or working-men, and (as is the case in almost every other good work) a number are women”–an urgent, forceful, self-propelling mixed-race group of women who had formed the Pennsylvania Female Anti-Slavery Society.

These women, mostly hidden from history, are the subject of a startling play written and directed by New York playwright Ain Gordon in collaboration with Philadelphia artist and filmmaker Nadine Patterson, “If She Stood,” which opens tomorrow night at the Painted Bride. “Not only were they campaigning about anti-slavery,” says Gordon, “but they were imagining a women’s movement–on their feet in front of people inventing a language of protest. That had no precedent.”

“All my work is about the way society codifies certain stories in its history. Some are chosen and some are not.”

Promotional image for the play "If She Stood," premiering at the Painted Bride

Promotional image for the play “If She Stood,” premiering at the Painted Bride

In the lives of the Grimké sisters, Sarah Mapps Douglass, Sarah Pugh, Hetty Burr, Mary Grew, and Hester Reckless, Gordon means to explore the way the leaders of political movements and the movements themselves are co-creating.

“Sarah and I went to the World Anti-Slavery Convention, London,” says Gordon’s imagined Mary Grew in the play. “Dreamed, I’d make my name. Admit that. Well, reform work–the one work we women could try. I had to climb that one offered ladder.”

For Angelina, who would speak on day three of the opening convention of Pennsylvania Hall, the ladder was her sister Sarah, who brought her into the movement and drew her to Philadelphia from the Grimké family home in Charleston to take up the cause. Where Sarah was reticent, Angelina was charismatic and self-assured.

By the time Angelina took the podium on May 17, an angry mob had begun to assault the new building. In that moment, she wasn’t going to be denied. “What is a mob,” she asked. “What would the breaking of every window be? Any evidence that we are wrong, or that slavery is a good and wholesome institution? What if that mob should now burst in upon us, break up our meeting, and commit violence upon our persons–would this be anything compared with what the slaves endure?”

The mob, of course, would break through, and the building would soon burn–and Angelina would never speak in public again.

For the playwright Gordon, who “resists all attempts to lock history in an amber glow” and who wants to see the struggles of the Female Anti-Slavery Society in the light of contemporary equality movements, there is more to the story: another Angelina Grimké, two generations removed, who carries on the dream of the possible city.

* * *

“If She Stood” at the Painted Bride, April 26 and 27 8PM, April 28 3PM, May 3 and 4 8PM and May 5 3PM accompanied by Nadine Patterson’s exhibit “Freedom, Fire, and Promiscuous Meetings

About the author

Nathaniel Popkin is co-editor of the Hidden City Daily and author of three books of non-fiction, including the forthcoming Philadelphia: Finding the Hidden City (Temple Press) and a novel, Lion and Leopard (The Head and the Hand Press). He is the senior writer of the film documentary "Philadelphia: The Great Experiment."



Leave a Reply

Comment moderation is enabled, no need to resubmit any comments posted.

Recent Posts
Historical Commission Meeting Draws Praise And Protest

Historical Commission Meeting Draws Praise And Protest

October 17, 2017  |  News

Applause and anger filled the room at the monthly Historical Commission meeting on Friday. GroJLart has the details > more

The True Center Of The City Revealed

The True Center Of The City Revealed

October 13, 2017  |  Harry K's Encyclopedia

City Hall may be the "heart" of Philadelphia, but an unassuming corner in North Philly is the true center of the city. Harry K. explores the evolution of Penn's greene country towne and how Philadelphia has a history of being the center of attention > more

LIGHTS! MUSIC! ACTION! Historic Lansdowne Theater Poised For A Comeback

LIGHTS! MUSIC! ACTION! Historic Lansdowne Theater Poised For A Comeback

October 11, 2017  |  Vantage

After 30 years' slumber, Lansdowne's sumptuous Art Deco movie palace is ready to wake up, and rouse Main Street too, with music and community spirit. Ben Leech has the story > more

Wish You Were Here: Postcards From The Past Recall

Wish You Were Here: Postcards From The Past Recall “Real Philadelphia”

October 10, 2017  |  Vantage

The Athenaeum of Philadelphia's new exhibition, "Real Philadelphia: Selections from the Robert M. Skaler Postcard Collection," puts elusive images of working class city life in the limelight. Contributor Karen Chernick has the review > more

Designing The Future Of Healthcare With Stephen Klasko

Designing The Future Of Healthcare With Stephen Klasko

October 4, 2017  |  Vantage

Dr. Stephen Klasko wants to disrupt traditional hospital care and integrate medicine into our everyday life. Through service and information delivery systems similar to Netflix, Apple stores, and virtual reality, the president and CEO of Jefferson Healthcare System believes the future of our well being lies in smart design. Contributor Hilary Jay, founder of DesignPhiladelphia, sits down with Dr. Klasko to discuss breaking the status quo of the medical industry with user-minded health care > more

Mid Mod Prison-Motel On The Schuylkill River Paroled

Mid Mod Prison-Motel On The Schuylkill River Paroled

October 3, 2017  |  The Shadow Knows

It's a Mid-century Modern motor lodge. With prison cells. It's one of Philly's most perplexing landmarks on the Schuylkill River. The Shadow has the lowdown > more