It Wasn’t Always The Avenue Of The Arts

 

South Broad Street, from a then-new Kimmel Center, 2002. Citizens Bank Park is under construction next to The Vet in the distance. | Photo: Bradley Maule

South Broad Street, from a then-new Kimmel Center, 2002. Citizens Bank Park is under construction next to The Vet in the distance. | Photo: Bradley Maule

Last week, while walking north along the short stretch of South Broad Street that separates my home and office, I realized: I have short-term memory when it comes to place. Although I’ve lived in South Philadelphia for the past five years, I failed this test of urban memory: I couldn’t quite recall what preceded 777 South Broad, Symphony House, the Kimmel Center, or the Wilma Theater.

So, what was there anyway? I put the following images and text together to chronicle the histories of the four major sites that have been developed in the past twenty years–perhaps to help us all remember South Broad’s more recent, but seemingly forgettable past.

Wilma Theater, Broad and Spruce

By the 1990s, South Broad Street was virtually obsolete. Gone was the bustling thoroughfare that had been lined with the stuff of cultural capital; left in its place was a strip dotted with underutilized buildings and vacant lots. In 2007, Ed Rendell told a New York Times reporter, “On a Saturday night in 1991, you could walk the mile from City Hall to Washington Avenue and you wouldn’t have seen 100 people.”

Where the Wilma Theater stands was a Philadelphia Parking Authority-operated surface parking lot. The lot was opened in the in the 1960s, when the entire block was cleared in accordance with the prevailing redevelopment principles of the time. The principles held that old buildings were agents of blight; private developers would naturally prefer to build new. The properties demolished included a two-story commercial building topped by billboards at the southern end of the site (where the Wilma stands) and the storied Hotel Walton at the northern end.

The first step toward redevelopment took place in 1991, when developer Norman Wolgin of Lobro Associates purchased the lot. City officials had struggled to sell the property for eight years until striking a deal with Wolgin, who planned to build a home for the Wilma Theater and an attached parking garage for the adjacent Hershey Hotel (now the DoubleTree Hotel).

The Hotel Stenton and the Broad Street Theater in 1929. Photo: PhillyHistory.org

One year later, the hotel had been replaced. Photo: PhillyHistory.org

After demolition of the Hotel Walton in 1967. Photo: Free Library of Philadelphia

Kimmel Center, Broad and Spruce

Beginning in the 1980s, city planners envisioned a new symphony hall for the west side of Broad Street at Spruce. Venturi Brown Associates was to design the hall. When finally funds were raised much later on and a different architect chosen for what would be the Kimmel Center, the project was heralded as the beginning of a new era for South Broad.

Ten row houses and a park had to be cleared from the two blocks bound by Spruce and Delancey, Broad and 15th to make room for a performing arts center. The homes, which mirrored those across the street on Spruce, included the last home of architect John Notman (1810-1865). Notman was a founding member of the American Institute of Architects and is credited with popularizing the use of brownstone. In response to the loss of the historic (but undesignated) buildings, Philadelphia Historical Commission preservation officer Richard Tyler conceded, “Any building is a loss. But weighing balance here, which is part of what we do, I would go back to the concept of public good. The creation of an orchestra hall overrides that loss.”

The park, named Arco Park after the company that commissioned it (the Atlantic Richfield Company, whose pre-merger inception as Atlantic Refining had its headquarters across the street at Broad & Spruce), was designed by the last adherent of the Bauhaus, Herbert Bayer (1900-1985). For a short series of photos of Arco Park, click HERE.

The block in 1926, just north of the Pennsylvania Museum School of Industrial Art. Photo: PhillyHistory.org

The 300 block of Broad Street in 1978. Photo: PhillyHistory.org

Symphony House, Broad and Pine

Symphony House, the high rise that dominates the southwest corner of Broad and Pine Streets, replaced nothing more than a decades-old gas station and parking lot.

The lot at the Broad and Pine Streets came into being in the 1930s, when a block of four-story, two-bay brick row homes was cleared to make way for a drive-in gas station. This was not uncommon. Throughout the early 20th century, speculators hoping to seize on a fledgling market took advantage of weak land use policies, establishing car-related businesses on what had been pedestrian oriented avenues.

The lot remained in use 2004, until it was sold to developer Carl Dranoff. Having recently completed the conversion of the GE building at 32nd and Walnut Streets into the West Bank, Dranoff proposed what would be the 163-unit luxury condominium Symphony House.

The block in 1928.

The gas station in the 1930s. Photo: AllPosters.com

The site prior to construction of Symphony House. Photo: Dranoff Properties

777 South Broad, Broad and Fitzwater

As recently as the 1980s, the block bound by Fitzwater and Catharine Streets to the north and south and by Broad and Watts Streets to the west and east was still home to a privately-owned institution known as the Broad Street Hospital.

The Broad Street Hospital encompassed three buildings: a historic four story hospital (originally the Women’s Southern Homeopathic Hospital), a 1980s addition, and a small office building.

In 1988, the hospital and nursing home were closed. According to its owners, doctors Nicholas Canuso, Raymond Silk, and Eugene Spitz, it had fallen victim to delayed insurance reimbursements and discontinued support from commercial lenders. Although the owners planned to sell the facility for reuse, no buyer emerged and the site remained vacant.

After almost two decades of uncertainty and failed development proposals, developer Carl Dranoff, with his recent success at nearby Symphony House, stepped in with a plan to replace the hospital with a luxury apartment building. In accordance with that plan, the constellation of vacant properties, including 10 row houses along Watts Street, were demolished in June of 2008. The hospital had been demolished sometime before.

The block shortly after the hospital’s opening. The building on the left is the hospital and the building on the right is the convent of St. Theresa of Avila, which closed in 1972. Photo: The American Institute of Homeopathy

Prior to breaking ground for 777 South Broad. Photo: Dranoff Properties

Originally Eagleville Dispensary and later hospital offices, this building was the last to be demolished. | Photo: Flickr user strayolive

Originally Eagleville Dispensary and later hospital offices, this building was the last to be demolished. | Photo: Flickr user strayolive

About the author

Rachel Hildebrandt, a recent graduate of PennDesign, is a native Philadelphian who is passionate about the changing city she inhabits. Before beginning her graduate studies in historic preservation with a focus on policy, Rachel obtained a B.A. in Psychology from Chestnut Hill College and co-authored two books, The Philadelphia Area Architecture of Horace Trumbauer (2009) and Oak Lane, Olney, and Logan (2011). She currently works as a program associate at Partners for Sacred Places.



9 Comments


  1. Very cool comparison of the area over time. If you look at the upper left corner of the 5th picture, I believe that’s the Drake Hotel under construction.

  2. Thank you so much for this little stroll through time. I saved all the pics on my I pad . My memory is just as bad as yours . Do you know if there are any plans for the broad and Washington mty lot ? It feels like forever it’s been mty . I thought a nice park would wake up the area.i mean you have the high school right there and the Italian market and the large Asian community could do with more green space . Remember how boring Franklin sq was untill they fixed up the park . Now it’s vibrant and alive .

  3. It’s a shame that there is no collection of 1990’s or 1980’s photographs for the author to draw on. The historical pictures from the 1960’s and before do not illustrate where conditions stood in the early 90’s.

    The Broad Street hospital buildings were still standing in 1997/1998 when I used to walk by them. They were demolished shortly thereafter if memory serves.

    Although I don’t have a clear recollection of it, at Broad & Washington, until 1994, there stood the Wanamaker Shirtwaist Factory, a multistory industrial building similar in size to the U-Haul building at 12th & Washington. It would have been a nice anchor had it survived.

    • Rachel Hildebrandt

      I agree! I was surprised to discover that this era in the city’s history is virtually undocumented. It’s really a shame because it had (and still has) tremendous influence on Philadelphia’s psyche.

  4. Very interesting article! I live just a bit west of Broad and Pine and had no idea of the history of this portion of Broad Street.

    (One tiny correction: Symphony House is at the *south*west corner of Broad and Pine.)

  5. Beginning around the 1850s, a grand railroad terminal at Broad and Washington (then Prime) streets became the northern end of the first rail line to link Philly to Wilmington, Baltimore, and ultimately, Washington, D.C. It was also the great debarkation point for the men (and a few women) headed south to fight the Civil War.

    GroJLart wrote much more here: http://philaphilia.blogspot.com/2011/06/empty-lot-of-week-june-16th.html

  6. Wasn’t there a small club called the Bijou Cafe around the corner on Lombard Street? Or am I hallucinating again?

  7. Great article. Very informative. Love the photos! The only correction needed is the GE conversion property is called The Left Bank, not West Bank.

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