Lydia Or Neo-Caesarea Or Alasehir? Just Call It Philadelphia

 

Every good Philadelphian knows that the word “Philadelphia” comes from the Greek words meaning “Brotherly Love.” (More accurately: Philadelphos means “one who loves his brother.”) What was William Penn thinking of when he named the city? Moreover, was this the first City of Brotherly Love?

Let’s first take a look at the “Prayer For Philadelphia” that William Penn penned in 1684, before he departed the fledgling city for the first of two times:

And thou, Philadelphia, the virgin settlement of this Province, named before thou were born, What love, What care, What service and What travail has there been to bring thee forth and preserve thee from such as would abuse and defile thee! Oh, that thou mayest be kept from the evil that would overwhelm thee; that, faithful to the God of thy Mercies, in the life of righteousness, thou may’st be preserved to the end. My soul prays to God for thee, that thou mayest stand in the day of trial, that thy children may be blessed of the Lord and thy people saved by His power.

William Penn’s “Prayer For Philadelphia,” a plaque at City Hall.

Penn’s choice of name for “the virgin settlement” of his new land described what he wanted his city to be: a “City of Brotherly Love.” He could have retained the Delaware Indian name for the area: Coaquannock, meaning “Grove of Tall Pines.” Or, he might have used the name of the place where the alleged Treaty Elm stood: Shackamaxon. But Penn may have realized that the treaty area’s Indian name was open to wide interpretation, based on different dialects of Unami, the Lenni-Lenape language. (Besides “Meeting Place of the Chiefs,” Shackamaxon could also mean “Place of the Eels.”) Furthermore, Penn’s notion was that his new city was different, not like anyplace else in the world.

This may be so, but there were other Philadelphias—long before there was a Boston or New York. In fact, the ancient Greeks gave the name to several cities. William Penn knew this, which may account for the “named before thou were born” bit above.

 

Location of the ancient city of Philadelphia.

The best example of an ancient City of Brotherly Love was a town in Lydia, a kingdom of western Asia Minor. This settlement was located east of ancient Ionia in modern Turkey, near mount Tmolus, by the Cogamus River. King Attalus II (nicknamed “Philadelphus of Pergamosa” and “Attalus Philadelphus”) founded ancient Philadelphia in 140 B.C. during his reign (159-138 B.C.). Situated about 75 miles east of the Aegean Sea coast, the town was thus on one of the greatest trade routes in the world, linking Europe to Asia. The strongly fortified place held the key to the door through which all east-west trade and commerce passed.

Portions of the ancient city of Philadelphia.

King Attalus designed Philadelphia for commerce and to be a missionary city through which Greek language and civilization would be spread to Asia Minor and beyond. As such, the city was a center of Greek culture and refinement. The old city sometimes bore the title “Little Athens” because of the magnificence of its temples and other public buildings. (This is much like our city once being called the “Athens of America” or the “Athens of the Western World.”) And rich in mineral hot springs, Philadelphia was a health spa for tourists who came for its medicinal waters.

The city was also famous for its grapes and wine; its chief deity was Dionysus, the god of wine in Greek mythology. Dionysus was also the Roman god Bacchus, so Philadelphia’s coins later bore the head of Bacchus and the figure of a Bacchante. As with the history of our own City of Brotherly Love, its products were shipped throughout the (known) world.

But unlike our city, ancient Philadelphia was subject to volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. The tiny earthquake that shook our fair city in August of 2011 was nothing like the one that destroyed ancient Philadelphia in 17 AD, as described in the Book of Revelation, 3:7-13. (Recurrent quakes occurred for twenty years.) By then, Philadelphia had become part of the Roman Empire. The city was rebuilt by Roman Emperor Tiberius and became a center of early Christianity. In gratitude, Philadelphians renamed the town Neo-Caesarea (“new city of Caesar”), but later reverted to the original name. But the cost of repairing the often shaken city taxed heavily the citizens, and poverty prevailed.

The modern town of Alasehir, Turkey.

The Christian church in Philadelphia was the sixth of the Seven Churches in Asia Minor written about in the Book of Revelation. (These were: Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Laodicea and Philadelphia.) Revelation 3:7 states:

7. And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth…

Since it was a missionary church that spread the gospel, it was one of two church of the seven that was viewed favorably. It also had the longest duration of prosperity as a Christian city of all the seven churches.

Modern Alasehir.

A Roman town until 1379 A.D., it fell into the hands of the Turks after persistent resistance. The Turkish city of Alasehir (or Ala-Shehir, the “city of God”) stands on the site of the old Old City of Philadelphia. Some eighteen thousand people call the place home. All that can be seen there relating to its Christian history are a section of Byzantine wall and a couple of brick pillars of the Church of St. John dating to the eleventh century.

One wonders if some future humans or humanoids will write about their new city of Philadelphia and reference our city this way…

About the author

Harry Kyriakodis, author of Philadelphia's Lost Waterfront (2011), Northern Liberties: The Story of a Philadelphia River Ward (2012), and The Benjamin Franklin Parkway (2014), regularly gives walking tours and presentations on unique yet unappreciated parts of the city. A founding/certified member of the Association of Philadelphia Tour Guides, he is a graduate of La Salle University and Temple University School of Law, and was once an officer in the U.S. Army Field Artillery. He has collected what is likely the largest private collection of books about the City of Brotherly Love: over 2700 titles new and old.

Send a message!



4 Comments


  1. Great story. Thank you Harry

  2. LOVED THE STORY.

Recent Posts
Come Swing Away On The Porch

Come Swing Away On The Porch

August 31, 2015  |  Morning Blend

Leisure swings at 30th Street Station’s Porch, why it is Philly's duty to stay in town and welcome the Pope madness, a festival seeks to make the Schuylkill a community gathering space, and City of Brotherly Love rated 3rd best host to tourists > more

Renovations Furnish Lawsonia Building With Good Fortune

Renovations Furnish Lawsonia Building With Good Fortune

August 31, 2015  |  The Shadow Knows

The old Lawsonia furniture factory in Callowhill is being renovated for commercial and residential reuse after 13 years of false starts and vacancy. The Shadow plates up this little slice industrial heritage on Spring Garden Street > more

Reviving The Potential Of Broad & Washington

Reviving The Potential Of Broad & Washington

August 28, 2015  |  Morning Blend

Another development set for Broad & Washington, Old Navy flagship coming to Chestnut, Wawa to open early for Pope, Philly traffic numbers looking good, and some help on deciding which Fringe Fest events to attend > more

Courtyard Compass Reveals A City Off Axis

Courtyard Compass Reveals A City Off Axis

August 28, 2015  |  Walk the Walk

If you've ever feel like the city is just a tad off we have validating news for you. Philadelphia was built a few degrees left from its true north axis point. Contributor Joe Brin talks cartography and William Penn's city plan with Frank Morelli, Survey Bureau manager of the Streets Department > more

Fall Lighting Expected For North Broad Light Masts

Fall Lighting Expected For North Broad Light Masts

August 27, 2015  |  Morning Blend

Nutter and Clarke discuss the $8.7 million lighting of North Broad Street, committee okays further discussion on 2nd & Arch proposal, Francis Festival Grounds a more welcoming phrasing than Green Zone, and The Fillmore gets ready for October unveil > more

Global Media’s Tour Of Philly To Draw Connections With Pope, Church

Global Media’s Tour Of Philly To Draw Connections With Pope, Church

August 26, 2015  |  Morning Blend

Preeminent tour guide preparing for global media, the Commerce Department coming through with kiosks on 52nd Street, lackluster infill by Clark Park, and life after the Fringe Fest > more