Tepid Urbanism At New Norris Apartments

Photo: Stephen Stofka

Wrapping up major construction, and soon to be rented, are the LEED certified Norris Apartments, a low-slung townhouse-and-apartment public housing complex replacing a dreary tower-in-a-park that loomed over the northeast corner of Temple University for the longest time. (See Naked Philly’s report HERE and Plan Philly’s HERE.)

Norris Apartments rendering

On the outside, this ambitious project, designed by Blackney Hayes, is akin to other new examples of highly progressive architecture like Sheridan St., the forthcoming Paseo Verde, and the work of Onion Flats and others in Northern Liberties, Fishtown, and East Kensington. Contrasting with the barracks-like 1960s-era garden apartments of the rest of the complex, and with the Brutalist and otherwise high modernist Temple University, the new development offers a vision: the city that could be.

Norris Apartments rendering

Yet the project’s design undermines key values of green architecture and good urbanism. Market Urbanism’s Steve Smith, then writing at Forbes, points out (correctly) that there is an excessive amount of parking behind the paneled façades–far more parking than found elsewhere in the neighborhood, and far more than will ever be used, particularly given this site’s extraordinary proximity to public transit. (By providing excessive parking here, one public agency–PHA–is undermining another–SEPTA. This is not only poor green design, it’s terrible public policy.) Endemic across PHA projects (and subsidized housing in general), this overabundance of parking can be found in the frankly atrocious Southwark Homes at Fourth and Christian and even in the handsome MLK redesign at 12th and Fitzwater.

Vinyl siding on the back of the buildings | Photo: Stephen Stofka

Under the hood, we find these homes are really just the same product as MLK, just with façades that incorporate contemporary materials. Where nobody’s looking, vinyl or aluminum has been applied. How, exactly, is that green? The solar panels are a nice touch but the flat roofs will eventually leak. A gabled roof would have added precious space (an attic) while better directing rainwater flow. The vestigial front yards are congruent with the rest of the Norris Apartments–the older, garden-barracks project–but out of step with most housing in North Philly, which comes right up to the building line save in the most regal cases.

To call this project green is, well, a bit of greenwashing.

The main failure, which emerges from the still evolving reaction to failed public housing towers of the 1960s, is lack of density. Indeed, we can see this project as a transition from the assiduously suburban projects that went up in North Philadelphia in the last two decades toward something a bit more urban. That reaction was well-founded: high-density low-income projects were actively destructive–MLK was an excellent case in point. But as PHA intentionally mixes people of various income levels in its new developments, it’s time to shed the notion that low density is the answer. In fact, the problem with Norris is that there are too few dwellings and too much parking.

Alley behind the MLK Homes | Photo: Stephen Stofka

The Alder Street frontage is a huge missed opportunity to provide more units–and considering the waiting list, why are parking spots valued over units?–and instead of using the gap along the 11th Street frontage to access the carport behind, why not make it an extension of Fountain St.? That way, instead of one giant block dominated by parking and a “pocket park” totally hidden from the street, we could have two blocks of rowhomes ringing small, but pleasant, shared backyard spaces.

Yes, the MLK redevelopment was a great leap forward for PHA, and the new Norris apartments are much better at relating to the street than the barracks and battery cages that came before. But it’s time, yet again, to innovate on public housing design. If we want to talk green architecture we have to think truly urban and design for density, mixed uses, and proximity to public transit.

 

About the author

Stephen Stofka is interested in the urban form and the way we change it. A graduate of the Geography and Urban Studies program at Temple University, he enjoys examining the architecture, siting, streetscapes, transportation, access, and other subtle elements that make a city a city.

Send a message!



1 Comment


  1. Tepid is one word -dreary would be another.

Recent Posts
Transforming The Schuylkill

Transforming The Schuylkill

December 17, 2014  |  Morning Blend

A re-bridging of sorts for the Central Schuylkill, good news for South Philly ship, Liberty Square work begins, and the lax enforcement of condos’ Christmas tree ban > more

Reanimating The Archives At William Way

Reanimating The Archives At William Way

December 17, 2014  |  News

It's been a long journey home for the William Way Community Center and a bumpy ride for their archives. With a William Penn Foundation grant in hand, they will soon have a proper research facility dedicated to local LGBT history. Erin Bernard takes us into their stacks and down the path that led the community center to Spruce Street > more

On The Dangers Of Ad Hoc Interpretations Of The Zoning Code

On The Dangers Of Ad Hoc Interpretations Of The Zoning Code

December 16, 2014  |  Morning Blend

Just how slippery of a slope are laxer readings of “safety services," Mummers seek a more approachable experience this year, CDC gets $40K reward, and making way for East Market development > more

Trove Of Philly-Centric Books For The Holidays

Trove Of Philly-Centric Books For The Holidays

December 16, 2014  |  Vantage

If you're looking for holiday books with a Philly bent, Nathaniel Popkin has ten new ones--from art to essays to history, biography, and policy--to suit the readers on your list > more

Isaiah Zagar To Preview Magic

Isaiah Zagar To Preview Magic “Cathedral”

December 15, 2014  |  Morning Blend

New mosaic project on Watkins Street, West Philly man to keep art studio, why you ought to visit Glen Foerd, and a singular redevelopment history at 7th & Snyder > more

A North Philly Building's Direct Connection To The Past

A North Philly Building’s Direct Connection To The Past

December 15, 2014  |  The Shadow Knows

You can't keep a good Windrim down. This former Bell building at 17th and Diamond has persevered for over a century, being reused as an undertaker school, Masonic temple, Mennonite church, and community center. We got on the horn with The Shadow to get the scoop on this heavyweight champion of adaptation > more